How do scientists know what the dinosaurs looked like? No-one can say for sure, but
there are some lines of evidence in the fossil record, and from studies of modern
animals. Putting it all together is like the detective work in solving a difficult
When you see a colour painting, or an animation, of a dinosaur as a living animal, this
has been based on a series of steps in reconstruction:
To learn more about Dinosaur reconstructions follow this link:-
- The skeleton is rebuilt from the bones that are extracted from the rock.
- The muscles can be laid on with some confidence, since each end of the muscle is fixed
into the bone, and marks may be seen on the fossil bones.
- Other soft parts, like the guts, eyeballs, tongue, and so on can be added partly by
guesswork, and comparison with living animals.
- The skin texture may be reconstructed precisely, since impressions of dinosaur skin
have been fossilized. There are even a few rare cases of organic preservation
of dinosaur skin.
- The colour is entirely guesswork. Was Tyrannosaurus blue with yellow spots, or
maybe you like red stripes? Colours are based on modern animals, and a bit of inspired
imagination by the scientists and artists.
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