Websites: - A mainly reptile-based website, but with a good section on amphibian evolution. Also kindly allowed the use of some images on this site. - A list of interesting facts about amphibians. - An excellent, indepth look at amphibian anatomy and biology. - Contains good links to further information on amphibians and reptiles. - Again more links to herpetological resources.

Text Books:

Benton, M. J., 1997. Vertebrate palaeontology, second edition. Chapman and Hall publishing. (from which some images were taken with M. Benton's permission).

Benton, M. J., and Harper, D., 1997. Basic Palaeontology. Prentice Hall publishing.

Pough, F. H., Janis, C. M., and Heiser, J. B., 1999. Vertebrate Life, fifth edition. Prentice Hall publishing.


Ahlberg, P. E., and Milner, A. R., 1994. The origin and early diversification of the tetrapods. Nature, vol. 368, p. 507-514.

Bolt, J. R., 1969. Lissamphibian origins: possible protolissamphibian from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Science, vol. 166, p. 888-891.

Carroll, R. L., and Currie, P.J., 1975. Microsaurs as possible apodan ancestors. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 57, p. 229-247.

Clack, J. A., 1994. Earliest known tetrapod braincase and the evolution of the stapes and fenestra ovalis. Nature, vol. 369, p. 392-394.

Coates, M. I., 1996. The tetrapod Acanthostega gunnari Jarvik: postcranial anatomy, basal tetrapod interrelationships and patterns of skeletal evolution. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences, vol. 87, p. 363-421.

Feller, A. E., and Hedges, S. B., 1998. Molecular evidence for the early history of living amphibians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 9, p. 509-516.

Holmes, R. B., Carroll, R. L., and Reisz, R. R., 1998. The first srticulated skeleton of Dendrerpeton acadianum (Temnospondyli, Dendrerpetontidae) from the Lower Pennsylvanian locality of Joggins, Nova Scotia, and a review of its relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, vol. 18, p. 64-79.

Jenkins, F. A., Shubin, N. H., 1998. Prosalirus bitis and the anuran caudopelvic mechanism. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, vol. 18, p. 495-510.

Jenkins, F. A., and Walsh, D. M., 1993. An Early Jurassic caecilian with limbs. Nature, vol. 365, p. 246-250.

Return to main page