Literature and Weblinks


Ausich, W.I. 1997. Regional Encrinites: A vanished lithofacies, in: C.E. Brett (ed.) Paleontological Events: Stratigraphic, Ecologic and Evolutionary Implications, Columbia University Press, 509-519.

Hess, H., Ausich, W.I., Brett, C.E. & Simms, M.J. 1999. Fossil Crinoids. Cambridge University Press.

Liddell, W.D. 1975. Recent crinoid biostratinomy. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with programs, 4, 1169.

Macurda, D.B., Jr. & Meyer, D.L. 1983. Sea lilies and feather stars. American Scientist, 71, 354-365.

Moore, R.C. & Teichert, C. (eds.). 1978. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Pt. T. Echinodermata 2. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, 1027.

Simms, M.J. & Sevastopulo, G.D. 1993. The Origin of articulate crinoids. Palaeontology, 36, 91-109.


Crawfordsville Crinoids Gallery on
Charles' Messings Crinids page - focuses on modern comatulids
Charles Messing and William Ausich's Tree of life:Crinoidea website
Kentucky Geological Survey Home Page

Websites produced by students on the MSc Palaeobiology programme in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Bristol for academic year 2003-4