Modern Forms


The Graptolithina became extinct during the Lower Carboniferous and there are no surviving forms found today. Some have suggested that graptolites are within the phylum Hemichordata, and most closely related to pterobranchs. Pterobranchs are a class of small, benthic, colonial, deep-marine organisms that produce a skeleton composed of cuticle, thought to be similar to graptolite tissues. They feed using a lophophorate system, the same proposed for graptolites.



 Graptolites: University of Bristol Collections




Author: LShychoski
Last updated: Date


Websites produced by students on the MSc Palaeobiology programme in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Bristol for academic year 2005-6