Literature and Web Links

Clarkson, E.N.K. (1998), Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution, 4th ed., Blackwell Science, 452p.

Doyle, P. (1996), Understanding Fossils: An Introduction to Invertebrate Palaeontology, John Wiley and Sons, 409p.

Taylor, P.D. and Lewis, D.N. (2005), Fossil Invertebrates, Natural History Museum, 208p.

Williams, A., Carlson, S.J.. Howard, C., Brunton, C., Holmer, L.E. and Popov, L. (1996), A Supra-Ordinal Classification of the Brachiopoda, Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 351, pp.1171-1193.

Web Links

For an interesting argument by Christian Emig that Lingula is not a living fossil, click here.

For more images of inarticulate brachiopods, use this google search.

For more images of brachiopods and other fossils, go to the Paleontology Portal.


Return to Inarticulate Brachiopod Homepage
Characters and Anatomy
Major Subgroups
The Fossil Record
Modern Forms

Return to Fossil Groups Homepage