Modern Forms


ORDER

MAIN ECOMORPHOLOGICAL TYPES
Symphyla

Symphyla - burrowers that live deep in the soil in large concentrations (~5000/sq. metre); 160 living species; length 2-10mm

Pauropoda

Pauropoda - found in leaf litter or under stones; 9 pairs of legs (one per body segment); length~1mm

Chilopoda

Carnivorous; 2 main ecomorphological types:

  • Burrowing type, e.g. Necrophloeophagus longicornis (length 7cm)
  • Running type, e.g. Lithobius forficatus (length 3cm)

Diplopoda

Herbivores and detritivores; 5 main ecomorphological types:

  • Bark dweller, e.g. Polyxenus lagurus (length~5mm) in which primitive method of sperm transfer remains unchanged
  • Roller, e.g. Glomeris marginata (length~8mm)
  • Bulldozer (rammer), e.g. Cyclindroiulus sp. (length~15mm)
  • Wedge type, e.g. Polydesmus sp. (length~11mm)
  • Borer, e.g. Polyzonium germanicum (length~10mm)


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