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Literature and Web pages


I would like to thank Professor Z. Kielan-Jaworowska for her authorisation to use pictures from her published literature.


Comprehensive overview

Kielan-Jaworowska, Z., Cifelli, R.L. and Luo, Z.X. 2004.Mammals from the age of dinosaurs: origins, evolution, and structure. Columbia University Press, New York. Chapter 8.

Specific topics

Butler, P.M. and Hooker, J.J. 2005. New teeth of allotherian mammals from the English Bathonian, including the earliest multituberculates. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50 (2): 185–207.

Hurum, J.H. 1998. The inner ear of two late Cretaceous multituberculate mammals, and its implications for multituberculate hearing. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 5 (1):  65-93.

Hurum, J.H., Luo, Z−X., and Kielan−Jaworowska, Z. 2006. Were mammals originally venomous? Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51 (1): 1–11.

Jenkins, F.A. and Krause, D.W. 1983. Adaptations for climbing in North American multituberculates (Mammalia). Science 220 (4598): 712-715.

Kielan−Jaworowska, Z. and Hurum, J.H. 2006. Limb posture in early mammals: Sprawling or parasagittal. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51 (3): 393–406.

Kielan-Jaworowska, Z. and Hurum, J.H. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of multituberculate mammals. Palaeontology 44 (3): 389–429.

Krause, D.W. 1982. Jaw movement, dental function, and diet in the Paleocene multituberculate Ptilodus. Paleobiology 8(3): 265-281.

Krause, D.W. 1986. Competitive exclusion and taxonomic displacement in the fossil record: the case of rodents and multituberculates in North America. In

Flanagan, K.M. and Lillegraven, J.A. eds. Vertebrates, phylogeny, and philosophy. Contributions to Geology, University of Wyoming, Special Paper 3.

Meng, J. and Wyss, A.R. 1995. Monotreme affinities and low-frequency hearing suggested by multituberculate ear. Nature 377: 141-144.

Wible, J.R. and Rougier, G.W. 2000. Cranial anatomy of Kryptobaatar dashzevegi (Mammalia, Multituberculata), and its bearing on the evolution of mammalian characters. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 247: 1-129.

Web links

Wikipedia website

Introduction to Multituberculates - Berkeley website

Palaeocene mammals
Good review
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Author: Aude Caromel
Last updated: 20/11/06
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Websites produced by students on the MSc Palaeobiology programme in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Bristol for academic year 2006-7