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Literature and web links

Morrison Formation, USA

General Stegosaur References

Maidment, S.C.R. 2006. Systematics and phylogeny of Stegosauria (Dinosauria, Ornithischia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26(3):94A.

Sereno, P.C. 1997. The origin and evolution of dinosaurs. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 25:435-489.

Sereno, P.C. 1999. The evolution of dinosaurs. Science, 284:2137-2147.

Galton, P.M., and P. Upchurch. 2004. Stegosauria; pp. 343-362 in: D.B. Weishampel, P. Dodson, and H. Osmolska (eds.), The Dinosauria, 2nd Edition. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

North American Stegosaurs

Carpenter, K., C.A. Miles, and K. Cloward. 2001. New primitive stegosaur from the Morrison Formation, Wyoming; pp. 55-75 in: K. Carpenter (ed.), The Armored Dinosaurs. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN.

Galton, P.M. 2001. Endocranial casts of the plated dinosaur Stegosaurus (Upper Jurassic, western USA): a complete undistorted cast and the original specimens of Othniel Charles Marsh; pp. 103-129 in K. Carpenter (ed.), The Armored Dinosaurs. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN.

Gilmore, C.W. 1914. Osteology of the armored dinosaurs in the United States National Museum, with special reference to the genus Stegosaurus. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum, 89:1-136.

Marsh, O.C. 1877. New order of extinct Reptilia (Stegosauria) from the Jurassic of the Rocky Mountains. American Journal of Science Series 3, 14:513-514.

Asian Stegosaurs

Dong, Z., S. Zhou, and Y. Zhang. 1983. The dinosaurian remains from Sichuan Basin, China. Palaeontologica Sinica, 23:1-145.

Maidment, S.C.R., and G. Wei. 2006. A review of the Late Jurassic stegosaurs (Dinosauria, Stegosauria) from the People's Republic of China. Geological Magazine, 143:621-634.

Sereno, P.C., and Z. Dong. 1992. The skull of the basal stegosaur Huayangosaurus taibaii and a cladistic diagnosis of Stegosauria. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12:318-343.

African Stegosaurs

Galton, P.M. 1982. The postcranial anatomy of stegosaurian dinosaur Kentrosaurus from the Upper Jurassic of Tanzania, East Africa. Geology and Palaeontology, 15:139-160.

Hennig, E. 1924. Kentrurosaurus aethiopicus. Die Stegosaurier-Funde von Tendaguru, Deutsch-Ostafrika. Palaeontographica (sup. 7), 1:103-254.

European Stegosaurs

Galton, P.M. 1985. British plated dinosaurs (Ornithischia, Stegosauria). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 5:211-254.

Galton, P.M. 1991. Postcranial remains of stegosaurian dinosaur Dacentrurus armatus from Upper Jurassic of France and Portugal. Geology and Palaeontology, 25:299-327.

Stegosaur Fossil Record and Palaeobiology

Buffrenil, V. de, J.O. Farlow, and A. de Ricqles. 1984. Histological data on structure, growth, and possible function of Stegosaurus plates; pp. 31-36 in W.-E. Reif and F. Westphal (eds.), Third Symposium on Mesozoic Terrestrial Ecosystems. Attempto Verlag, Tubingen.

Buffrenil, V. de., J.O. Farlow, and A. de Ricqles. 1986. Growth and function of Stegosaurus plates. Evidence from bone histology. Paleobiology, 12:459-473.

Carpenter, K. 1998. Armor of Stegosaurus stenops, and the taphonomic history of a new specimen from Garden Park, Colorado. Modern Geology, 22:127-144.

Dodson, P., A.K. Behrensmeyer, and R.T. Bakker. 1980. Taphonomy of the Morrison Formation (Kimmderidgian-Portlandian) and Cloverly Formation (Aptian-Albian) of the western United States. Memoires de la Societe Geologique du France, 139:87-93.

Dodson, P., A.K. Behrensmeyer, R.T. Bakker, and J.S. McIntosh. 1980. Taphonomy and paleoecology of the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation. Paleobiology, 6:208-232.

Main, R.P., A. de Ricqles, J.R. Horner, and K. Padian. 2005. The evolution and function of thyreophoran dinosaur scutes: implications for plate function in stegosaurs. Paleobiology, 31:291-314.

Stegosaurs in Popular Culture

Brusatte, S. 2002. Stately Fossils: A Comprehensive Look at the State Fossils and other Official Fossils. Fossil News, Boulder Colorado.

Web Links

There are few well-written and accurate websites on stegosaurs.  Here are three of the best:

Dino Land: a large site, containing information on stegosaurs and many other dinosaurs, as well as book reviews, articles, and photos.

DinoData: one of the best general websites for dinosaur-related information.

Wikipedia: Stegosaurus: a good overview of stegosaur anatomy, evolutionary, and popular culture.


All photos were taken by the author (Steve Brusatte) unless otherwise cited.  Many photos were kindly provided by Susie Maidment of Cambridge University, whose in-progress research on stegosaurs promises to better our understanding of stegosaur phylogeny and evolution.

Author: Stephen Brusatte
Last updated: 01/11/2006
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