UB EARTH
SCIENCES

Data on Echinoderm Trees

List of cladograms tested for their correspondence with stratigraphic data. Cladograms are listed alphabetically. For each group, data are listed in order, as follows:

Articulata(1)

10

733

204

139

974

72.169168

0.75

4

0.5

11.75

0.92216

Carb-Jur

Simms (1988, fig. 21.1)

Articulata(2)

12

1024

354

252

1716

65.429688

0.75

8

0.8

11.75

0.93033

Ord-Tri

Simms and Sevastopulo (1993, fig. 2)

Articulata(3)

9

474

318

247

1019

32.911392

0.75

5

0.714286

0.25

0.90803

Tri-Neog

Milsom et al. (1994, fig. 2)

Asteroidea(1)

9

858

382

304

1312

55.477855

0.75

3

0.428571

15.75

0.92262

Ord-Jur

Blake (1987, fig. 8)

Asteroidea(2)

11

1310

690

313

1599

47.328244

2.25

5

0.555556

14

0.70684

Carb-Paleog

Blake (1987, fig. 10)

Camarodonta(1)

6

244

142

130

566

41.803279

20.5

1

0.25

69.5

0.97248

Cret-Neog

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Camarodonta(2)

8

547

268

212

1033

51.005484

20.5

4

0.666667

1.25

0.93179

Cret-Neog

Smith (1988b, fig. 9)

Camerata

5

1258

126

63

126

89.984102

100

1

0.333333

100

0

Ord-Sil

Simms (1994, fig. 5)

Cassiduloida

8

670

113

113

507

83.134328

100

6

1

100

1

Jur-Cret

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Cidaroidea

9

264

15

15

113

94.318182

0.25

7

1

0.25

1

Perm-Tri

Smith (1990, fig. 3)

Clypeasteroida(1)

8

314

122

40

134

61.146497

17.5

4

0.571429

70.25

0.12766

Paleog-Neog

Durham (1966)

Clypeasteroida(2)

9

324

104

46

180

67.901235

9.5

5

0.714286

21.5

0.56716

Paleog-Neog

Seilacher (1979, fig. 28)

Clypeasteroida(3)

9

324

68

46

180

79.012346

9.5

7

1

21.5

0.83582

Paleog-Neog

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Crinoidea

9

1190

361

265

463

69.663866

18.25

4

0.571429

31.75

0.51515

Ord-Perm

Simms (1994, fig. 4)

Cryptocrinoida

5

141

75

25

92

46.808511

59.75

1

0.333333

59.75

0.25373

Ord

Paul (1988, fig. 16.4)

Cystoidea(1)

5

735

53

53

155

92.789116

18

3

1

9

1

Camb

Paul (1988, fig. 16.1)

Cystoidea(2)

10

434

165

106

529

61.981567

0.25

6

0.75

0.5

0.86052

Camb-Sil

Paul (1988, fig. 16.3)

Cystoidea-Rhipidocystidae

8

140

88

72

447

37.142857

0.5

4

0.666667

6

0.957333

Camb-Ord

Dean & Smith (1998, fig. 7)

Diadematacea(1)

5

800

304

237

385

62

26.25

1

0.333333

56.25

0.5473

Tri-Neog

Jensen (1981, fig. 23.7a)

Diadematacea(2)

5

800

304

237

385

62

23.25

1

0.333333

61

0.5473

Tri-Neog

Emlet (1988, fig. 23.7b)

Echinodermata(1)

5

2358

151

101

202

93.596268

32

3

1

12

0.50495

Ord-Sil

Matsumara et al. (1979, fig. 4.2c)

Echinodermata(2)

16

3774

705

349

1552

81.319555

0.25

7

0.5

10.75

0.70407

Vend-Dev

Smith (1984a, fig. 15)

Echinodermata(3)

5

2358

101

101

202

95.716709

3.25

3

1

3.25

1

Ord-Sil

Raff et al. (1988, fig. 3.3)

Echinodermata(4)

5

1700

0

0

100

100

3

1

100

Camb

Paul and Smith (1984, fig. 12)

Echinodermata(5)

5

2358

168

101

202

92.875318

48.5

2

0.666667

32.75

0.33663

Camb-Sil

Smiley (1988, fig. 6.1)

Echinodermata(6)

9

2692

262

161

715

90.267459

1

4

0.571429

4

0.81769

Camb-Sil

Smith (1988a, fig 7.6)

Echinoidea(1)

19

2779

715

358

3405

74.271321

1

6

0.352941

2.25

0.88284

Sil-Cret

Smith (1984b, fig. 1.5)

Echinoidea(2)

6

1103

323

271

1135

70.716228

4.75

2

0.5

13

0.93982

Ord-Jur

Smith (1984b, fig. 7.1)

Echinoidea(3)

5

823

266

214

362

67.679222

16.5

1

0.333333

100

0.64865

Tri-Neog

Raff et al. (1988, fig. 3.3)

Echinoidea(4)

5

793

313

170

606

60.529634

5

2

0.666667

18.75

0.67202

Dev-Tri

Smith and Hollingworth (1990, fig. 12a)

Echinoidea(5)

5

525

264

227

660

49.714286

4.5

2

0.666667

17.5

0.91455

Tri-Neog

Feral and Derelle (1991, fig. 2a)

Echinoidea(6)

5

525

318

227

660

39.428571

17

2

0.666667

17

0.78984

Tri-Paleog

Smith (1992, fig. 2c)

Echinoidea(7)

7

733

343

227

926

53.206003

0.75

4

0.8

1

0.83405

Tri-Neog

Smith et al. (1992, fig. 2)

Echinoidea(8)

6

457

83

65

189

81.838074

2.5

3

0.75

6.5

0.85484

Ord-Dev

Smith (1984b, fig. 7.2)

Edrioasteroidea(1)

6

546

106

106

285

80.586081

1.25

4

1

1.25

1

Camb-Ord

Smith (1985, fig. 12)

Edrioasteroidea(2)

10

315

178

135

769

43.492063

0.25

7

0.875

1.25

0.93218

Ord-Carb

Smith and Arbizu (1987, fig. 8)

Eleutherozoa(1)

8

2139

203

111

287

90.509584

6

3

0.5

34.25

0.47727

Ord-Dev

Smith (1984b, fig. 9.4)

Eleutherozoa(2)

9

438

127

127

460

71.004566

0.25

6

0.857143

0.5

1

Camb-Ord

Smith (1988a, fig. 8)

Eognathostomata

8

510

209

136

569

59.019608

1.25

4

0.666667

10.25

0.83141

Jur-Paleog

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Holasteroida(1)

6

223

141

141

474

36.7713

0.25

4

1

0.25

1

Cret-Neog

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Holasteroida(2)

6

223

270

141

474

-21.076233

13.25

1

0.25

100

0.61261

Cret-Neog

David (1988, fig. 25.7)

Holasteroida(3)

6

223

164

141

474

26.457399

1.75

2

0.5

50.25

0.93093

Cret-Neog

David (1988, fig. 25.9)

Hyposaleniinae

10

145

106

67

290

26.896552

2.25

6

0.75

3

0.82511

Cret

Smith and Wright (1990, fig. 53)

Inadunata

5

613

34

17

68

94.453507

40.75

2

0.666667

40.75

0.66667

Ord

Donovan (1988, fig. 18.2)

Neoasteroidea

10

1582

395

187

518

75.031606

15

4

0.5

56.25

0.3716

Jur-Paleog

Gale (1987, fig. 10)

Neognathostomata

6

394

138

128

618

64.974619

7.5

2

0.5

26

0.97959

Jur-Paleog

Mooi (1990, fig. 1)

Paracrinoida(1)

12

508

54

29

254

89.370079

5.5

9

0.9

4.5

0.88889

Ord

Smith (1984a, fig. 9)

Paracrinoida(2)

7

208

50

25

150

75.961538

13

4

0.8

13

0.8

Ord

Paul (1988, fig. 16.5)

Paxillosida

6

392

528

174

652

-34.693878

53.5

1

0.25

67.5

0.25941

Jur-Neog

Blake (1987, fig. 11)

Psychocidaridae

13

139

206

112

459

-48.201439

6.75

6

0.666667

67.5

0.72911

Cret-Neog

Smith and Wright (1989, fig. 5)

Rhombifera

4

207

60

60

98

71.014493

24.25

2

1

14.5

1

Camb-Ord

Paul (1988, fig. 16.2)

Saleniinae

9

103

188

58

323

-82.524272

13.75

4

0.571429

7.5

0.50943

Cret

Smith and Wright (1990, fig. 28)

Salenioida

11

566

165

98

550

70.848057

0.25

4

0.444444

6.75

0.85177

Jur-Cret

Smith and Wright (1990, fig. 26)

Spatangoida

10

904

207

96

514

77.10177

0.75

6

0.75

0.25

0.73445

Cret-Paleog

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Stereocidarini

15

158

197

50

438

-24.683544

2.75

8

0.615385

3.25

0.62113

Cret

Smith and Wright (1989, fig. 9)

Stirodonta(1)

6

874

131

64

131

85.011442

100

3

0.75

69.5

0

Jur

Smith (1984b, fig. A1, foldout)

Stirodonta(2)

13

487

525

206

1290

-7.802875

100

7

0.636364

0.25

0.70572

Jur-Cret

Smith (1994, fig. 6.7)

Valvatida

15

1514

1187

210

1636

21.598415

26.5

6

0.428571

67.75

0.31487

Jur-Neog

Blake (1987, fig. 12)

Velatida

6

205

392

196

784

-91.219512

24.75

3

0.75

29.75

0.66667

Jur-Neog

Blake (1987, fig. 13)

Velatida

6

205

196

196

784

4.390244

7

4

1

7

1

Jur-Rec

Blake (1996, fig. 1)


References for tested cladograms