UB EARTH
SCIENCES

Online Database for 'The Pull of the Recent has little influence on the terrestrial fossil record' By Sarda Sahney and Michael J. Benton Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queen's Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, United Kingdom Email: s.sahney@bristol.ac.uk and mike.benton@bristol.ac.uk

Class

Family

Last fossil occurrence of families

Amphibia

Caeciliidae

 

Amphibia

Leiopelmatidae

 

Amphibia

Discoglossidae

 

Amphibia

Pipidae

 

Amphibia

Rhinophrynidae

Rupelian

Amphibia

Pelobatidae

 

Amphibia

Pelodytidae

 

Amphibia

Myobatrachidae

 

Amphibia

Leptodactylidae

 

Amphibia

Bufonidae

 

Amphibia

Hylidae

 

Amphibia

Ranidae

 

Amphibia

Rhachophoridae

 

Amphibia

Microhylidae

 

Amphibia

Sirenidae

 

Amphibia

Cryptobranchidae

 

Amphibia

Proteidae

 

Amphibia

Amphiumidae

 

Amphibia

Plethodontidae

 

Amphibia

Ambystomatidae

 

Amphibia

Salamandridae

 

Reptilia

Pelomedusidae

 

Reptilia

Chelidae

 

Reptilia

Chelydridae

 

Reptilia

Cheloniidae

 

Reptilia

Dermochelyidae

 

Reptilia

Trionychidae

 

Reptilia

Carettochelyidae

Mid Miocene

Reptilia

Dermatemydidae

Langhian

Reptilia

Kinosternidae

 

Reptilia

Emydidae

 

Reptilia

Geoemydidae

 

Reptilia

Testudinidae

 

Reptilia

Sphenodontidae

 

Reptilia

Iguanidae

 

Reptilia

Agamidae

 

Reptilia

Chamaeleonidae

 

Reptilia

Amphisbaenidae

 

Reptilia

Rhineuridae

 

Reptilia

Gekkonidae

 

Reptilia

Xantusiidae

 

Reptilia

Lacertidae

 

Reptilia

Teiidae

 

Reptilia

Cordylidae

Aquitanian

Reptilia

Anguidae

 

Reptilia

 Xenosauridae

Miocene

Reptilia

Helodermatidae

 

Reptilia

Varanidae

 

Reptilia

Typhlopidae

 

Reptilia

Aniliidae

 

Reptilia

Boidae

 

Reptilia

Bolyeriidae

 

Reptilia

Tropidophiidae

 

Reptilia

Acrochordidae

 

Reptilia

Colubridae

 

Reptilia

Elapidae

 

Reptilia

Viperidae

 

Reptilia

Gavialidae

 

Reptilia

Crocodylidae

 

Reptilia

Alligatoridae

 

Reptilia

Scincidae

 

Reptilia

Phrynosomatidae

 

Mammalia

Tachyglossidae

 

Mammalia

Ornithorhynchidae

 

Mammalia

Microbiotheriidae

Lutetian

Mammalia

Dasyuridae

 

Mammalia

Thylacinidae

 

Mammalia

Peramelidae

 

Mammalia

Vombatidae

 

Mammalia

Phalangeridae

 

Mammalia

Burramyidae

 

Mammalia

Macropodidae

 

Mammalia

Petauridae

 

Mammalia

Phascolarctidae

 

Mammalia

Acrobatidae

 

Mammalia

Tarsipedidae

 

Mammalia

Didelphidae

 

Mammalia

Caenolestidae

 

Mammalia

Dasypodidae

 

Mammalia

Myrmecophagidae

 

Mammalia

Cyclopedidae

 

Mammalia

Megatheriidae

 

Mammalia

Megalonychidae

 

Mammalia

Manidae

 

Mammalia

Macroscelididae

 

Mammalia

Leporidae

 

Mammalia

Ochtotonidae

 

Mammalia

Aplodontidae

Late Miocene

Mammalia

Sciuridae

 

Mammalia

Castoridae

 

Mammalia

Myoxidae

 

Mammalia

Seleviniidae

 

Mammalia

Bathyergidae

 

Mammalia

Pedetidae

 

Mammalia

Anomaluridae

 

Mammalia

Thryonomyidae

 

Mammalia

Petromuridae

 

Mammalia

Hystricidae

 

Mammalia

Erethizodontidae

 

Mammalia

Agoutidae

 

Mammalia

Dinomyidae

 

Mammalia

Caviidae

 

Mammalia

Hydrochoeridae

 

Mammalia

Chinchillidae

 

Mammalia

Abrocomidae

 

Mammalia

Octodontidae

 

Mammalia

Echimyidae

 

Mammalia

Capromyidae

 

Mammalia

Ctenodactylidae

 

Mammalia

Geomyidae

 

Mammalia

Dipodidae

 

Mammalia

Muridae

 

Mammalia

Canidae

 

Mammalia

Ursidae

 

Mammalia

Mustelidae

 

Mammalia

Odobenidae

 

Mammalia

Phocidae

 

Mammalia

Otariidae

 

Mammalia

Procyonidae

 

Mammalia

Viverridae

 

Mammalia

Felidae

 

Mammalia

Herpestidae

 

Mammalia

Hyaenidae

 

Mammalia

Erinaceidae

 

Mammalia

Talpidae

 

Mammalia

Soricidae

 

Mammalia

Tenrecidae

 

Mammalia

Chrysochloridae

 

Mammalia

Solenodontidae

 

Mammalia

Tupaiidae

 

Mammalia

Pteropodidae

 

Mammalia

Emballonuridae

 

Mammalia

Rhinolophidae

 

Mammalia

Megadermatidae

 

Mammalia

Nycteridae

 

Mammalia

Phyllostomidae

 

Mammalia

Mormoopidae

 

Mammalia

Noctilionidae

 

Mammalia

Vespertilionidae

 

Mammalia

Molossidae

 

Mammalia

Natalidae

 

Mammalia

Myzopodidae

 

Mammalia

Lemuridae

 

Mammalia

Indriidae

 

Mammalia

Daubentoniidae

 

Mammalia

Lorisidae

 

Mammalia

Cheirogaleidae

 

Mammalia

Tarsiidae

Lutetian

Mammalia

Cebidae

Chattian

Mammalia

Callitrichidae

 

Mammalia

Cercopithecidae

 

Mammalia

Hominidae

 

Mammalia

Antilocapridae

 

Mammalia

Bovidae

 

Mammalia

Camelidae

 

Mammalia

Cervidae

 

Mammalia

Giraffidae

 

Mammalia

Hippopotamidae

 

Mammalia

Moschidae

Tortonian

Mammalia

Suidae

 

Mammalia

Tayassuidae

 

Mammalia

Tragulidae

 

Mammalia

Ziphiidae

 

Mammalia

Physeteridae

 

Mammalia

Iniidae

 

Mammalia

Lipotidae

 

Mammalia

Platanistidae

 

Mammalia

Pontoporiidae

 

Mammalia

Delphinidae

 

Mammalia

Phocoenidae

 

Mammalia

Monodontidae

 

Mammalia

Balaeonopteridae

 

Mammalia

Balaenidae

 

Mammalia

Eschrichtiidae

 

Mammalia

Elephantidae

 

Mammalia

Equidae

 

Mammalia

Tapiridae

 

Mammalia

Rhinocerotidae

 

Mammalia

Orycteropidae

 

Mammalia

Procaviidae

 

Mammalia

Dugongidae

 

Mammalia

Trichechidae

 

Aves

Struthionidae

 

Aves

Casuardiidae

 

Aves

Dromaiidae

 

Aves

Emeidae

 

Aves

Apterygidae

 

Aves

Rheidae

 

Aves

Tinamidae

 

Aves

Spheniscidae

 

Aves

Gaviidae

 

Aves

Podicipedidae

 

Aves

Diomedeidae

 

Aves

Procellariidae

 

Aves

Oceanitidae

 

Aves

Pelecanoididae

 

Aves

Phaethontidae

Tortonian

Aves

Pelecanidae

 

Aves

Sulidae

 

Aves

Phalacrocoracidae

 

Aves

Anhingidae

 

Aves

Fregatidaex

 

Aves

Ardeidae

 

Aves

Scopidae

 

Aves

Ciconiidae

 

Aves

Balaenicipitidae

Late Miocene

Aves

Plataleidae

 

Aves

Vulturidae

 

Aves

Sagittariidae

Mid Miocene

Aves

Accipitridae

 

Aves

Pandionidae

 

Aves

Falconidae

 

Aves

Anhimidae

 

Aves

Anatidae

 

Aves

Cracidae

 

Aves

Megapodiidae

 

Aves

Phasianidae

 

Aves

Numididae

 

Aves

Turnicidae

 

Aves

Gruidae

 

Aves

Aramidae

 

Aves

Psophiidae

 

Aves

Rallidae

 

Aves

Eurypygidae

Ypresian

Aves

Rhynochetidae

 

Aves

Cariamidae

 

Aves

Otididae

 

Aves

Jacanidae

 

Aves

Rostratulidae

 

Aves

Haematopodidae

 

Aves

Charadriidae

 

Aves

Scolopacidae

 

Aves

Recurvirostridae

 

Aves

Burhinidae

 

Aves

Glareolidae

 

Aves

Thinocoridae

 

Aves

Stercorariidae

 

Aves

Laridae

 

Aves

Alcidae

 

Aves

Pteroclidae

 

Aves

Columbidae

 

Aves

Psittacidae

 

Aves

Musophagidae

Mid Miocene

Aves

Cuculidae

 

Aves

Opisthocomidae

Burdigalian

Aves

Tytonidae

 

Aves

Strigidae

 

Aves

Steatornithidae

Ypresian

Aves

Aegothelidae

 

Aves

Podargidae

Priabonian

Aves

Caprimulgidae

 

Aves

Nyctibiidae

 

Aves

Apodidae

 

Aves

Hemiprocnidae

Ypresian

Aves

Trochilidae

 

Aves

Coliidae

 

Aves

Trogonidae

 

Aves

Halcyonidae

 

Aves

Todidae

Rupelian

Aves

Momotidae

 

Aves

Meropidae

 

Aves

Coraciidae

 

Aves

Atelornithidae

 

Aves

Upupidae

 

Aves

Phoeniculidae

Lutetian

Aves

Bucerotidae

 

Aves

Bucconidae

 

Aves

Capitonidae

Langhian

Aves

Indicatoridae

 

Aves

Ramphastidae

 

Aves

Picidae

 

Aves

Eurylaimidae

Early Miocene

Aves

Furnariidae

 

Aves

Thamnophilidae

 

Aves

Scytalopodidae

 

Aves

Tyrannidae

 

Aves

Alaudidae

 

Aves

Hirundinidae

 

Aves

Dicruridae

 

Aves

Menuridae

Langhian

Aves

Acanthisittidae

 

Aves

Atrichornithidae

 

Aves

Motacillidae

 

Aves

Pycnonotidae

 

Aves

Laniidae

 

Aves

Bombycillidae

 

Aves

Dulidae

 

Aves

Cinclidae

 

Aves

Troglodytidae

 

Aves

Prunellidae

 

Aves

Musicapidae

 

Aves

Timaliidae

 

Aves

Sylviidae

 

Aves

Paridae

 

Aves

Sittidae

 

Aves

Nectariniidae

 

Aves

Meliphagidae

 

Aves

Emberizidae

 

Aves

Tanagridae

 

Aves

Coerebidae

 

Aves

Vireonidae

 

Aves

Icteridae

 

Aves

Passeridae

 

Aves

Sturnidae

 

Aves

Oriolidae

 

Aves

Callaeatidae

 

Aves

Ptilonorhynchidae

 

Aves

Corvidae

 

Aves

Phrynosomatidae

 

 

Primary literature for the family level database

Alstrom, P., Ericson, P. G. P., Olsson, U. & Sundberg, P. 2006 Phylogeny and classification of the avian superfamily Sylvioidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38, 381-397.

Angelone, C. 2008 Prolagus italicus n. sp.(Ochotonidae, Lagomorpha), a new Pliocene species of peninsular Italy. Geobios 41, 445-453.

Báez, A. M., A. Scanferla, C. A., L. Agnolinc, F. L., Cenizo, M. & De Los Reyes, M. 2008 Pipid Frog from the Pleistocene of the Pampas of Southern South America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28, 1195-1198.

Bailon, S. 1988 An aniliid, Reptilia, Serpentes, in the late European Pliocene. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre 306, 1255-1258.

Bargo, M. S. 2001 The ground sloth Megatherium americanum: Skull shape, bite forces, and diet. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 46, 173-192.

Barnosky, A. D. 2004 Biodiversity response to climate change in the middle Pleistocene: the Porcupine Cave fauna from Colorado. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Bowdler, S. R. 1899 A handlist of the genera and species of birds. London: Taylor and Francis.

Brewer, P., Archer, M., Hand, S. & Godthelp, H. 2007 Fossil remains of the species Warendja encorensis were found at Encore in Queensland, Australia. Palaeontology 50, 811-828.

Brodkorb, P. 1953 A review of the Pliocene loons. Condor 55, 211-214.

Brodkorb, P. 1959 The Pleistocene avifauna of Arredondo, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 4, 284.

Brodkorb, P. 1964 Fossil birds from Barbados, West Indies. Journal of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society 31, 3-10.

Brodkorb, P. & Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1982 Fossil Anhingas (Aves, Anhingidae) from early man sites of Hadar and Omo Ethiopia and Olduvai Gorge Tanzania. Geobios 15, 505-516.

Brodkorb, P. & Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1984 A new species of cormorant (Aves, Phalacrocoracidae) from the Pleistocene of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Geobios 17, 331-337.

Butterworth, E. M. M. 1916 A new mustelid from the Thousand Creek Pliocene of Nevada. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 10, 21-24.

Carpenter, M. C. & Mead, J. I. 2003 Late Pleistocene roadrunner (Geococcyx) from Kartchner Caverns State Park, southeastern Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 48, 402-410.

Cleere, N., Kratter, A. W., Steadman, D. W., Braun, M. J., Huddleston, C. J., Filardi, C. E. & Dutson, G. 2007 A new genus of frogmouth (Podargidae) from the Solomon Islands - results from a taxonomic review of Podargus ocellatus inexpectatus Hartert 1901. Ibis 149, 271-286.

Conant, W. R. 1983 Kenyemys williamsi, a fossil pelomedusid turtle from the Pliocene of Kenya. In Advances in herpetology and evolutionary biology: Essays in honor of Ernest E. Williams (ed. A. G. J. & K. M. Rhodin), pp. 74-85. Cambridge: Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University.

Del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J. & Cabot, J. 1992 Handbook of the birds of the world. Barcelona: Lynx ediciones.

Delson, E. 2004 Cercopithecidae from the Pliocene of Saint-Vallier. Geobios37, S318-S322.

Dodd, C. K. & Morgan, G. S. 1992 Fossil sea-turtles from the early Pliocene Bone Valley Formation, Central Florida. Journal of Herpetology 26, 1-8.

Duellman, W. E. & Trueb, L. 1994 Biology of amphibians. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dyke, G. J., Waterhouse, D. M. & Kristoffersen, A. V. 2004 Three new fossil landbirds from the early Paleogene of Denmark. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark 51, 77-85.

Eisenberg, J. F. & Redford, K. H. 1999a Mammals of the neotropics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Eisenberg, J. F. & Redford, K. H. 1999b Mammals of the neotropics: the central neotropics: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ernst, C. H. & Barbour, R. W. 1989 Turtles of the world. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Ernst, C. H. & Lovich, J. E. 2009 Turtles of the United States and Canada. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Etheridge, R. E. 1964 Late Pleistocene lizards from Barbuda, British West Indies. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Science 9, 43-75.

Feduccia, J. A. & Ford, N. L. 1970 Some birds of prey from Upper Pliocene of Kansas. Auk 87, 795-&.

Ferrero, B. S. & Noriega, J. I. 2007 A new upper Pleistocene tapir from Argentina: remarks on the phylogenetics and diversification of neotropical Tapiridae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27, 504-511.

Fordyce, R. E., Quilty, P. G. & Daniels, J. 2002 Australodelphis mirus, a bizarre new toothless ziphild-like fossil dolphin (Cetacea: Delphinidae) from the Pliocene of Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 14, 37-54.

Furio, M. & Angelone, C. 2010 Insectivores (Erinaceidae, Soricidae, Talpidae; Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Capo Mannu D1 (Mandriola, central-western Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 258, 229-242.

Galbreath, E. C. 1948 Pliocene and Pleistocene records of fossil turtles from Western Kansas and Oklahoma. University of Kansas Publications Museum of Natural History 1, 281-284.

Gauthier, J. A. 1982 Fossil xenosaurid and anguid lizards from the early Eocene Wasatch Formation southeast Wyoming USA and a revision of the Anguidoidea. Contributions to Geology University of Wyoming 21, 7-54.

Geraads, D., Alemseged, Z., Reed, D., Wynn, J. G. & Roman, D. C. 2004 The Pleistocene fauna (other than Primates) from Asbole, lower Awash Valley, Ethiopia, and its environmental and biochronological implications. Geobios37, 697-718.

Gibson, M. L. & Geisler, J. H. 2009 A new Pliocene dolphin (Cetacea: Pontoporiidae), from the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29, 966-971.

Goswami, A. & Friscia, A. 2010 Carnivoran evolution: new views on phylogeny, form and function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gulec, E., White, T., Kuhn, S., Ozer, I., Sagir, M., Yilmaz, H. & Howell, F. C. 2009 The lower Pleistocene lithic assemblage from Dursunlu (Konya), central Anatolia, Turkey. Antiquity 83, 11-22.

Guthrie, D. A. 2009 An updated catalogue of the birds from the Carpinteria Asphalt, Pleistocene of California. Bulletin Southern California Academy of Sciences 108, 52-62.

Haarhoff, P. J. 1993 Latest Pliocene mousebirds (Aves, Collidae) from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Cape Town: South African Museum.

Hartwig, W. C. A. R. 2002 The primate fossil record: Cambridge University Press.

Hecht, M. K. 1975 The morphology and relationships of the largest known terrestrial lizard Megalania prisca from the Pleistocene of Australia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 87, 239-250.

Herrera, P. R. 1973 Additions to the knowledge of Pliolestes tripotamicus Reig 1955 (Mammalia, Marsupialia, Caenolestidae) from the Upper Pliocene of Argentina. Ameghiniana10, 36-50.

Hirayama, R., Kaneko, N. & Okazaki, H. 2007 Ocadia nipponica, a new species of aquatic turtle (Testudines: Testudinoidea : Geoemydidae) from the Middle Pleistocene of Chiha Prefecture, central Japan. Paleontological Research 11, 1­-19.

Holman, J. A. 1998 Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles in Britain and Europe. New York: Oxford University Press.

Holman, J. A. 2000 Fossil snakes of North America: origin, evolution, distribution, paleoecology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Hopkins, S. S. B. 2007 Causes of lineage decline in the Aplodontidae: Testing for the influence of physical and biological change. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology 246, 331-353.

Hsiou, A. S. 2007 A new Teiidae species (Squamata, Scincomorpha) from the late Pleistocene of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Revista Brasileira di Paleontologia 10, 181-194.

Hutchinson, M. N. & Scanlon, J. D. 2009 New and unusual Plio-Pleistocene lizard (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Wellington Caves, New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Herpetology 43, 139-147.

Jefferson, G. T. 1985 Review of the late Pleistocene avifauna from Lake Manix central Mojave Desert California USA. Contributions in Science (Los Angeles), 1-13.

Jones, M., Dickman, C. R. & Archer, M. 2003 Predators with pouches: the biology of carnivorous marsupials. Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing.

Jones, M. E. H., Tennyson, A. J. D., Worthy, J. P., Evans, S. E. & Worthy, T. H. 2009 A sphenodontine (Rhynchocephalia) from the Miocene of New Zealand and palaeobiogeography of the tuatara (Sphenodon). Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 276, 1385-1390.

Joshi, M. & Kotlia, B. S. 2010 First report of the late Pleistocene fossil lizards from Narmada Basin, Central India. Earth Science India 3, 1-8.

Joyce, W. G., Klein, N. & Mors, T. 2004 Carettochelyine turtle from the Neogene of Europe. Copeia, 406-411.

Kirchman, J. J., Hackett, S. J., Goodman, S. M. & Bates, J. M. 2001 Phylogeny and systematics of ground rollers (Brachypteraciidae) of Madagascar. Auk 118, 849­-863.

Kohno, N. 2002 A large-mesorostral beaked whale (Cetacea: Ziphiidae) from the Pliocene Na-arai Formation on the Boso Peninsula, central Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 27-32.

Korth, W. W. 1994 The Tertiary record of rodents in North America. New York: Plenum Press.

Kraus, R. 1998 The cranium of Piscogavialis jugaliperforatus n.gen., n.sp. (Gavialidae, Crocodylia) from the Miocene of Peru. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift 72, 389-405.

Kurtèn, B. & Anderson, E. 1980 Pleistocene mammals of North America. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lannoo, M. J. 2005 Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: Univ of California Press.

Lehman, T., Vignaud, P., Andossa, L. & Brunet, M. 2005 A new species of Orycteropidae (Mammalia, Tubilidentata) in the Mio-Pliocene of northern Chad. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143, 109-131.

MacDonald, D. W. 2009 The princeton encyclopedia of mammals. Princeton University Press.

Manegold, A. 2010 First evidence for a nightjar (Caprimulgidae, Aves) in the early Pliocene of Langebaanweg, South Africa. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 90.

Marais, C. & Schneider, G. 2004 Passage through time: the fossils of Namibia Windhoek: Publisher Gamsberg Macmillan.

Marco, A. S. 1996 The presence of the Waldrapp Geronticus eremita (Plataleidae) in the Plio-Pleistocene boundary in Spain. Ibis 138, 560-561.

Mayr, G. 2000 Tiny hoopoe-like birds from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Germany). Auk 117, 964-970.

Mayr, G. & Knopf, C. W. 2007 A tody (Alcediniformes: Todidae) from the early Oligocene of Germany. Auk 124, 1294-1304.

Mayr, G. & Manegold, A. 2006 A small suboscine-like passeriform bird from the early oligocene of France. Condor 108, 717-720.

McAliley, L. R., Willis, R. E., Ray, D. A., White, P. S., Brochu, C. A. & Densmore, L. D. 2006 Are crocodiles really monophyletic? Evidence for subdivisions from sequence and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39, 16-32.

McKee, J. W. A. 1987 The occurrence of the Pliocene penguin Tereingaornis moisleyi (Sphenisciformes, Spheniscidae) at Hawera, Taranaki, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 14, 557-561.

McKenna, M. C., Bell, S. K. & Simpson, G. G. 1997 Classification of mammals above the species level. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mead, J. I. & Bell, C. J. 2001 Pliocene amphibians and reptiles from Clark County, Nevada. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 100.

Menzies, J. I., Russell, L., Tyler, M. J. & Mountain, M. J. 2002 Fossil frogs from the central highlands of Papua New Guinea. Alcheringa26, 341-351.

Miller, A. H. 1953 A fossil Hoatzin from the Miocene of Colombia. Auk 70, 484-495.

Minwer-Barakat, R., Garcia-Alix, A. & Freudenthal, M. 2008 Desmaninae (Talpidae, Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Tollo de Chiclana (Guadix Basin, Southern Spain) - Considerations on the phylogeny of the genus Archaeodesmana. Geobios 41, 381-398.

Mlikovsky, J. 1997 A new tropicbird (Aves: Phaethontidae) from the late Miocene of Austria. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums 98, 151-154.

Mlikovsky, J. & Goehlich, U. B. 2000 A new wood-hoopoe (Aves: Phoeniculidae) from the early Miocene of Germany and France. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 64, 419-424.

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