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Dwarf Elephant
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Dwarfing on Sardinia

The only endemic elephant of the Mediterranean Islands, Mammuthus lamarmorae belongs to the mammoth line. Found in glacial deposits outcropping at Fontana Morimento, it is thought that the ancestor of this species reached Sardinia in the late Middle Pleistocene (Palombo, 2001), specifically dating to around 0.9-1.0 Ma (Benton et al., 2010).

References and Resources

  • Benton, M.J., et al., Dinosaurs and the island rule: Dinosaurs from Hateg Island, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (2010), doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.01.026.
  • Palombo, M,R. 2001. Endemic elephants of the Mediterranean Islands: knowledge, problems and perspectives. The world of elephants: International Congress, Rome. 486-491.

  • Authored by Emma Kerridge & Chris Rogers

    Dicynodon Illustration courtesy of John Sibbick.
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